Sphinx dating controversy
Niches in the temple form sanctuaries dedicated to the rising and setting of the Sun, and a colonnade court in the temple features 24 pillars, which Ricke suggested represents the 24 hours in a day.
The Sphinx, in Ricke's opinion, represents the Sun god that peers into the sanctuaries of the temple.
At the time the later temple was built, the Sphinx was buried up to its neck in sand and was called Hor-em-Akhet.
The Sphinx itself forms an image of the akhet hieroglyphic when approached directly from Memphis, capital city during the Fourth Dynasty, when the pyramids and the Sphinx are believed to have been built.
he Sphinx at Giza faces due east and is referred to in some Egyptian hieroglyphics as Hamachis, the god of the rising Sun.
Later, Hamachis evolved into the name Hor-em-Akhet.
A second temple, constructed more than a thousand years later, is oriented toward the winter solstice.It is generally believed that after the limestone bedrock was quarried for stone used for the pyramids, the remaining block was sculpted into the Sphinx.A sudden, 50-foot drop not far from the Sphinx might indicate an area that was quarried for the pyramids.An article in Omni magazine (August 1992) detailed the work of Robert M. West promotes a theory that an advanced, pre-Egyptian civilization was responsible for the Sphinx.
Schoch, a geologist whose research demonstrated that the limestone core of the Sphinx dates from 5000 . He believes that much of the weathering took place because of rains and flood.A scourge fell upon the land that could only be lifted by solving a riddle posed by the sphinx: What begins life on four legs, lives most of its life on two legs, and ends life on three legs?